The statistics and facts about alcohol abuse and addiction show the dangers of alcohol. Drinking alcohol, often a person finds increased talkatively, feelings of energy, and desire for action.
However, alcohol is actually in the depressant class of drug types. Drinking effects speech, vision, balance, memory and judgment. While they are not major teratogensuncertainty remains as to whether they cause cleft palate in a small number of babies and whether neurobehavioural effects occur as a result of prenatal exposure; they are known to cause withdrawal symptoms in the newborn.
In fact, alcohol annually kills more people than all other drug types combined with 88, deaths in the U. Alcohol impairs and slows both physical and psychological activity. Estimates of the rate of opioid addiction among chronic pain patients vary from about 3 percent up to 26 percent.
Repeated misuse of some stimulants sometimes within a short period can lead to feelings of hostility or paranoia, or even psychosis. As a depressant, alcohol slows down activity in the brain and body.
Stimulants increase alertness, attention, and energy, as well as elevate blood pressure, heart rate, and respiration. Alcohol, like any drug, has a specific action on the brain that produces effects in the user.
Common side effects of alcohol and other depressants include the following: However, they are much less toxic than their predecessors, the barbituratesand death rarely results when a benzodiazepine is the only drug taken; however, when combined with other central nervous system depressants such as alcohol and opiatesthe potential for toxicity and fatal overdose increases.
Long-term use is controversial due to concerns about adverse psychological and physical effects, increased questioning of effectiveness, and, because benzodiazepines are prone to cause tolerancephysical dependenceand, upon cessation of use after long-term use, a withdrawal syndrome.
Patients themselves may even be reluctant to take an opioid medication prescribed to them for fear of becoming addicted.
CNS depressants reduce brain activity and awareness by blocking messages from nerve receptors to the brain. Alcohol lowers inhibitions and impairs judgment which could lead to risky behaviors such as driving while intoxicated, or unprotected sex.
The elderly are at an increased risk of suffering from both short- and long-term adverse effects.
Hydrocodone products are the most commonly prescribed in the United States for a variety of indications, including dental- and injury-related pain. However, depressants are rarely used in limited form.Apr 09, · Alcohol as a Central Nervous S Alcohol as a Central Nervous System Depressant.
Topic Study Notes.
Comments Log In. Sign Up. Log in to continue. Log in to save your progress and obtain a certificate in Alison’s free Diploma in Mental Health Studies online. All depressants work by slowing down the functioning of the central nervous system.
This is usually done by enhancing the effect of a type of neurotransmitter called GABA. This is an inhibitory neurotransmitter which means that its job is.
Alcohol on the Brain. The central nervous system is made up of the brain and the spinal cord, both of which need to be in strong, working order for a person to function at his or her full capacity.
The effects of alcohol on the nervous system are numerous. These can be divided into three categories: acute intoxication, chronic usage, and withdrawal.
Alcohol acts as a depressant on the brain. Sep 21, · The central nervous system (CNS) consists of the brain and spinal cord, which are protected by the skull and the spine. The peripheral nervous system includes the nerves that are networked throughout the body in the neck, arms, buttocks, legs and skeletal muscles.
Some of the effects of heavy, long term drinking are: liver disease, cancer, stomach ulcers, brain damage, behavior change, nervous system damage, inflammation of the pancreas, heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke.Download