Rolling stock, fixed infrastructure and operations. These can be divided respectively into inter-contract or intra-contract interfaces External interfaces are those between contracts under the main engineer responsibility and third parties, i.
Availability of interface information ensures that all parties involved can review items more thoroughly and make decisions quickly with more accuracy, prioritising critical issues. Interface management is the process used to ensure that all relevant specifics about these touchpoints or interfaces are addressed and shared in a consistent, timely and efficient manner between all contractors, design teams and any other relevant stakeholders involved in the project.
Any design change affecting an ICD controlled feature or characteristic must be clearly identified and promptly communicated to all relevant parties, i. Drawing upon the concept of large technical systems LTS and upon the model of innovation in complex product systems CoPSthe paper claims that innovative activity in railways can only be adequately understood by paying attention to the interdependencies between railway projects and the operational railway network.
Successful interface management can lead to avoidance of time-consuming disputes, guaranteeing complete understanding of, and agreement with, all decisions regarding project interface issues. The evidence suggests that successful innovation in market-based railway operations increasingly depends on dynamic systems integration and effective co-ordination capabilities.
Interface management supports project teams to mitigate interface-related risks by controlling interface issues from an early stage of the project life-cycle, as well as by building collaboration and lines of communication between project participants.
The paper discusses two main consequences of this change: Each turn-key contractor owns the responsibility of refer on their design documentation ICDs and referenced drawings or documentswhich features and characteristics that, if altered, would affect interfaces controlled by the ICDs.
Therefore, meetings must be held periodically and shall be attended by representatives from the client and stakeholders responsible for the relevant interfaces. Requests should however give sufficient notice for the respondent to be able to resource and prepare a reply by the date that the information is required.
It is argued that projects can be managed more effectively under market structures that provide certain organisations in the railway system with a strong co-ordinating role in the activities linking projects with the operational system.
Interface register report A key tool for managing interfaces is a consistent interface register report. Nowadays railway projects experience increasing technological complexity and performance expectations. The outcome is improved project performance and a reduction in the probability of costly mistakes and reworks.
From the systems engineering processes, interface management will focus mainly on the following: The parties are then entitled to rely on the information provided as correct. Dynamic systems integration refers to the need for the continuous adaptation of technical and organisational project solutions in response to the changes in the operational system.
Interface classification The approach followed to classify each interface is based on a contractual relationship between the parties involved in the interface itself: Two case studies of large-scale railway projects in Germany and the UK are presented to support the argument.
Nevertheless, assuring proper integration in the overall design often falls under the responsibility of the main engineer. Rolling stock Vehicles that, for operations or maintenance purposes, use the railway infrastructure. The requirement to respond to an RFI is created by the obligation to provide further information, as this is necessary to enable the other party to complete the contract on time.
Interface control documents ICDs Different stakeholders are responsible for creating relevant interface control documents to compile all interface requirements both inputs and outputs towards other contracts.
For this, the project management team must also have a solid and structured change management process. Closing the interfaces After a sometimes-challenging process for interface agreement between all relevant stakeholders, it is necessary to assess impact in the overall project.
There may be gaps, conflicts or subtle ambiguities. The purpose of meetings and workshops is to maintain the integrity of the interfaces by ensuring that:This case is about the Indian Railways' ambitious Kashmir Railway Project.
This was one of its most important and difficult projects as it aimed to build a railroad connection through the Himalayan foothills linking Kashmir with the rest of India. Authors present a project management case study of an Electrified Double Railway Track project being executed by an Indian Public Sector Unit organisation incorporated by the Government of India.
At the railway operators–project interface, railway operators have redefined their role in the set-up and management of railway projects to accommodate the complex contractual arrangements and tougher regulatory and/or commercial pressures of.
Project Management Institute model in defining its interface management system. This particular project is a major industrial expansion project in the Western United States.
Essential Engineering Management Processes for Railway Projects lessons learnt on the essential engineering management processes for railway projects, with focus on the initial project planning project Case Study II y Case study on RAM targets developed for South Island Line SIL(E) project.
With railway projects experiencing increased technological complexity and performance expectations, Pedro Neves, Transportation and Infrastructure Specialist at Sweco Norge, explores how the concept of interface management can support railway project teams to mitigate interface-related risks by controlling interface issues from an early stage of a .Download